www.mpg.de

Theory Division

Theoretical Quantum Dynamics and Quantum Electrodynamics

PD Dr. Adriana Pálffy (W2 Fellow)

In July 2020, the new Theory Division website will go online! My apologies that while work is in progress, this old website might not be up to date!

www.mpi-hd.mpg.de




quick links

Publications


submitted

  • S. Kobzak, H. A. Weidenmüller and A. Pálffy

    submitted (2020) arXiv:2005.04981 [nucl-th]

    "Laser-Nucleus Interactions: Towards the Sudden Regime''

     

  • X. Kong, D. E. Chang and A. Pálffy

    submitted (2020)

    "Green function formalism for resonant interaction of x-rays with nuclei in structured media''

     

  • B. Adams et al. (50 authors!)

    submitted (2019) arXiv:1903.09317 [physics.ins-det]

    Scientific Opportunities with an X-ray Free-Electron Laser Oscillator

     


published or accepted

  1. B. S. Nickerson, M. Pimon, P. V. Bilous, J. Gugler, K. Beeks, T. Sikorsky, P. Mohn, T. Schumm, and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett., accepted (2020) arXiv:2004.09992 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])

    ''Nuclear excitation of the 229Th isomer via defect states in doped crystals''

     

  2. L. von der Wense, P. V. Bilous, B. Seiferle, S. Stellmer, J. Weitenberg, P. G. Thirolf, A. Pálffy and G. Kazakov

    Eur. Phys. J. A, accepted (2020) arXiv:2001.08320 [nucl-th]

    ''The theory of direct laser excitation of nuclear transitions''

     

  3. A. Pálffy and S. V. Popruzhenko

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 212505 (2020) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1909.07826 [nucl-th])

    ''Can extreme electromagnetic fields accelerate the alpha decay of nuclei?''

     

  4. P. V. Bilous, H. Bekker, J. C. Berengut, B. Seiferle, L. von der Wense, P. G. Thirolf, T. Pfeifer, J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia, and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 192502 (2020) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:2001.06421 [physics.atom-ph])

    ''Electronic Bridge Excitation in Highly Charged 229Th Ions''

     

  5. A. Pálffy, P.-G. Reinhard and H. A. Weidenmüller

    Phys. Rev. C 101, 034619 (2020) (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:1912.05991 [nucl-th] and original 2016 version arXiv:1611.06811 [nucl-th])

    ''Rate for Laser-Induced Nuclear Dipole Absorption''

     

  6. Y. Wu, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 100, 063420 (2019) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1910.05326 [physics.plasma-th])

    ''X-ray-assisted nuclear excitation by electron capture in optical laser-generated plasmas''

     

  7. K. Bergmann et al. (> 30 authors!)

    Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics 52, 202001 (2019) (IOP, arXiv:1908.01611 [quant-ph])

    ''Roadmap on STIRAP applications''

     

  8. Nature publishing group B. Seiferle, L. von der Wense, P. V. Bilous, I. Amersdorffer, C. Lemell, F. Libisch, S. Stellmer, T. Schumm, C. E. Düllmann, A. Pálffy and P. G. Thirolf

    Nature 573, 243 (2019) (Nature, arXiv:1905.06308 [nucl-ex])

    ''Energy of the 229Th nuclear clock transition''

     

  9. Y. Wu, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 212501 (2019) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1904.00809 [nucl-th])

    ''93mMo isomer depletion via beam-based nuclear excitation by electron capture''

     

  10. N. Minkov and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 162502 (2019) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1812.03921 [nucl-th])

    ''Theoretical predictions for the magnetic dipole moment of 229mTh''

     

  11. B. S. Nickerson, W.-T. Liao and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 98, 062520 (2018) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1809.01857 [physics.atom-ph])

    ''Collective effects in 229Th-doped crystals ''

     

  12. G. Ramien, J. Gunst, X. Kong and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 97, 063858 (2018) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1711.08931 [quant-ph])

    ''X-ray frequency modulation via periodic switching of an external magnetic field''

     

  13. J. Gunst, Y. Wu, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. E 97, 063205 (2018) (Phys. Rev. E, arXiv:1804.03694 [physics.plasma-ph])

    ''Nuclear excitation by electron capture in optical-laser-generated plasmas''

     

  14. P. V. Bilous, N. Minkov and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. C 97, 044320 (2018) (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:1802.08482 [nucl-ph])

    ''The electric quadrupole channel of the 7.8 eV 229Th transition''

     

  15. Y. Wu, J. Gunst, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 052504 (2018) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1708.04826 [physics.plasm-ph])

    ''Tailoring laser-generated plasmas for efficient nuclear excitation by electron capture''

     

  16. P. V. Bilous, E. Peik and A. Pálffy

    New J. Phys. 20, 013016 (2018) (New J. Phys., arXiv:1709.04364 [physics.atom-ph])

    ''Laser-induced electronic bridge for characterization of the 229mTh → 229gTh nuclear transition with a tunable optical laser''

     

  17. Nature publishing group J. Haber, X. Kong, C.Strohm, S. Willing, J. Gollwitzer, L. Bocklage, R. Rüffer, A. Pálffy and R. Röhlsberger

    Nature Photon. 11, 720 (2017) Nature Photonics

    ''Rabi oscillations of x-ray radiation between two nuclear ensembles''

     

  18. L. von der Wense, B. Seiferle, S. Stellmer, J. Weitenberg, G. Kazakov, A. Pálffy and P. Thirolf

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 132503 (2017) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1709.05524 [nucl-ex])

    ''A laser excitation scheme for 229mTh''

     

  19. X. Kong and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 96, 033819 (2017) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1606.02988 [quant-ph])

    ''Collective radiation spectrum for ensembles with Zeeman splitting in single-photon superradiance''

     

  20. N. Minkov and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 212501 (2017) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1704.07919 [nucl-th])

    ''Reduced transition probabilities for the gamma-decay of the 7.8 eV isomer in 229Th''

     

  21. Editor's suggestion P. V. Bilous, G. A. Kazakov, I. D. Moore, T. Schumm and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 95, 032503 (2017) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1612.07300 [physics.atom-ph])

    ''Internal conversion from excited electronic states of 229Th ions''

     

  22. Y. Wu and A. Pálffy

    Astrophys. J. 838, 55 (2017) (Astrophys. J, arXiv:1612.06884 [physics.plasm-ph])

    ''Determination of plasma screening effects for thermonuclear reactions in laser-generated plasmas''

     

  23. W.-T. Liao and A. Pálffy

    Sci. Rep. 7, 321 (2017) (Sci. Rep., arXiv:1508.06769 [quant-ph])

    ''Optomechanically induced transparency of x-rays via optical control''

     

  24. J. Gunst and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 94, 063849 (2016) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1608.06731 [quant-ph])

    ''X-ray quantum eraser setup for time-energy complementarity''

     

  25. W.-T. Liao, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Sci. Rep. 6, 33361 (2016) (Sci. Rep., arXiv:1407.3292 [quant-ph])

    ''Magnetic Quantum-Phase Control between Two Entangled Macroscopic Nuclear Ensembles''

     

  26. X. Kong and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 197402 (2016) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1508.06762 [quant-ph])

    ''Stopping narrow-band x-ray pulses in nuclear media''

    See also accompanying Physics Buzz entry ''A New Way to Stop & Store X-rays''

     

  27. J. Gunst, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Sci. Rep. 6, 25136 (2016) (Sci. Rep., arXiv:1506.00517 [quant-ph])

    ''Logical operations with single x-ray photons via dynamically-controlled nuclear resonances''

     

  28. J. Gunst, Y. Wu, N. Kumar, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Plasmas 22, 112706 (2015) (Phys. Plasmas, arXiv:1508.07264 [physics.plasm-ph])

    ''Direct and secondary nuclear excitation with x-ray free-electron lasers''

     

  29. Nature publishing group A. Pálffy

    Nature Phys. 11, 893 (2015) editorial material (Nature Phys.)

    ''X-ray physics: Straight outta Compton''

     

  30. A. Pálffy, O. Buss, A. Hoefer and H. A. Weidenmüller

    Phys. Rev. C 92, 044619 (2015) (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:1506.04127 [nucl-th])

    ''Laser-Nucleus Interactions: The Quasiadiabatic Regime''

     

  31. W.-T. Liao, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 123602 (2014) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1404.6140)

    ''All-Electromagnetic Control of Broadband Quantum Excitations using Gradient Photon Echoes ''

     

  32. S. Helmrich, K. Spenneberg and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. C 90, 015802 (2014) (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:1404.6559)

    ''Coupling highly excited nuclei to the atomic shell in dense astrophysical plasmas''

     

  33. A. Pálffy and H. A. Weidenmüller

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 192502 (2014) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1401.2833)

    ''Laser-nucleus reactions: Population of states far above Yrast and far from stability''

     

  34. X. Kong, W.-T. Liao and A. Pálffy

    New J. Phys. 16, 013049 (2014) (New J. Phys., arXiv:1310.6235)

    ''Field control of single x-ray photons in nuclear forward scattering''

     

  35. Editor's suggestion Physics Viewpoint J. Gunst, Y. A. Litvinov, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 082501 (2014) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1309.5835)

    ''Dominant Secondary Nuclear Photoexcitation with the X-ray Free Electron Laser''

    See also accompanying Physics Viewpoint ''Free-Electron Lasers Trigger Nuclear Transitions''

     

  36. W.-T. Liao and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 057401 (2014) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1308.3121)

    ''Proposed Entanglement of X-ray Nuclear Polaritons as a Potential Method for Probing Matter at the Subatomic Scale''

     

  37. A. Pálffy and H. A. Weidenmüller

    Nucl. Phys. A 917, 15 (2013) (Nucl. Phys. A, arXiv:1307.0400)

    ''Nuclear Level Densities at High Excitation Energies and for Large Particle Numbers ''

     

  38. S. Das, A. Pálffy and C. H. Keitel

    Phys. Rev. C 88, 024601 (2013) (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:1305.6013)

    ''Quantum interference effects in an ensemble of 229Th nuclei interacting with coherent light''

     

  39. Editor's suggestion W.-T. Liao, A. Pálffy and C. H. Keitel

    Phys. Rev. C 87, 054609 (2013) (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:1302.3063)

    ''A three-beam setup for coherently controlling nuclear state population''

     

  40. H. M. Castañeda Cortés, C. Müller, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Lett. B 723, 401 (2013) arXiv:1207.2395

    ''Nuclear recollisions in laser-assisted alpha decay''

     

  41. B. W. Adams, C. Buth, S. M. Cavaletto, J. Evers, Z. Harman, C. H. Keitel, A. Pálffy, A. Picón, R. Röhlsberger, Y. Rostovtsev, K. Tamasaku

    J. Mod. Opt. 60, 2 (2013)

    ''X-Ray Quantum Optics ''

     

  42. A. Pálffy and H. A. Weidenmüller

    Phys. Lett. B 718, 1105 (2013) arXiv:1206.1542

    ''Nuclear Level Densities in the Constant-Spacing Model''

     

  43. W.-T. Liao, S. Das, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 262502 (2012) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1210.3611)

    ''Coherence enhanced optical determination of the 229Th isomeric transition''

     

  44. Physics Focus W.-T. Liao, A. Pálffy and C. H. Keitel

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 197403 (2012) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:1205.5503)

    ''Coherent storage and phase modulation of single hard x-ray photons using nuclear excitons''

    See also accompanying Physics Focus ''Storing an X-ray Photon''

     

  45. A. Junker, A. Pálffy and C. H. Keitel

    New J. Phys. 14, 085025 (2012), (IOP, arXiv:1203.2149)

    ''Cooperative effects in nuclear excitation with coherent x-ray light''

     

  46. S. K. Arigapudi and A. Pálffy

    Phys. Rev. A 85, 012710 (2012) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:1109.2894)

    ''Overlapping resonances in nuclei coupling to the atomic shells''

     

  47. H. M. Castañeda Cortés, S. V. Popruzhenko, D. Bauer and A. Pálffy

    New J. Phys. 13, 063007 (2011) (New J. Phys., arXiv:1102.4448)

    ''Laser-assisted decay of quasistationary states''

     

  48. W.-T. Liao, A. Pálffy and C. H. Keitel

    Phys. Lett. B 705, 134 (2011) arXiv:1011.4423

    ''Nuclear coherent population transfer with x-ray laser pulses''

     

  49. A. Pálffy, C. H. Keitel and J. Evers

    Phys. Rev. B 83, 155103 (2011), (Phys. Rev. B, arXiv:1010.5134)

    ''Coherent control of the cooperative branching ratio for nuclear x-ray pumping''

     

  50. A. Pálffy and J. Evers

    J. Mod. Opt. 57, 1993 (2010), arXiv:1003.3668v2

    ''Coherent control of nuclear forward scattering''

     

  51. A. Pálffy

    Contemporary Phys. 51, 471 (2010), arXiv:1106.3218

    ''Nuclear effects in atomic transitions''

     

  52. A. Pálffy, C. H. Keitel and J. Evers

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 017401 (2009), (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:0904.0504)

    ''Single-photon entanglement in the keV regime via coherent control of nuclear forward x-ray scattering''

     

  53. A. Pálffy

    J. Mod. Opt. 55, 2603 (2008)

    ''A systematic study of nuclear photoexcitation with x-ray laser fields''

     

  54. A. Pálffy, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel

    Phys. Rev. C 77, 044602 (2008), (Phys. Rev. C, arXiv:0711.0015)

    ''Electric dipole-forbidden nuclear transitions driven by super-intense laser fields''

     

  55. A. Pálffy and Z. Harman

    Phys. Rev. A 77, 042704 (2008) (Phys. Rev. A, arXiv:0804.0950)

    ''Nuclear-resonant electron scattering''

     

  56. A. Pálffy, Z. Harman, C. Kozhuharov, C. Brandau, C. H. Keitel, W. Scheid and T. Stöhlker

    Phys. Lett. B 661, 330 (2008) (arXiv:0803.2858)

    ''Nuclear excitation by electron capture followed by fast x-ray emission''

     

  57. Editor's suggestionA. Pálffy, J. Evers and C. H. Keitel

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 172502 (2007) (Phys. Rev. Lett., arXiv:0708.0194)

    ''Isomer triggering via nuclear excitation by electron capture''

     

  58. A. Pálffy, Z. Harman, A. Surzhykov and U. D. Jentschura

    Phys. Rev. A 75, 012712 (2007) (Phys. Rev. A)

    ''Photon angular distribution and nuclear-state alignment in nuclear excitation by electron capture''

     

  59. A. Pálffy, Z. Harman and W. Scheid

    Phys. Rev. A 75, 012709 (2007) (Phys. Rev. A)

    ''Quantum interference between nuclear excitation by electron capture and radiative recombination''

     

  60. A. Pálffy, W. Scheid and Z. Harman

    Phys. Rev. A 73, 012715 (2006) (Phys. Rev. A)

    ''Theory of nuclear excitation by electron capture for heavy ions''

     

  61. I. F. Barna, A. C. Gagyi-Pálffy, L. Gulyás, K. Tökési and J. Burgdörfer

    Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. B 233, 176 (2005)

    ''Singly differential electron emission cross sections for ionization of helium by protons''

     

  62. A. C. Gagyi-Pálffy, I. F. Barna, L. Gulyás and K. Tökési

    Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 1258 (2004)

    ''Angular Differential Cross-Section for Ionization of Helium in C6+ Ion Collisions''

     


Annual reports and other publications

  • A. Pálffy

    Max Planck Yearbook 2017 [Link]

    ''Novel prospects for control of and with x-rays''

     

  • A. Pálffy, W.-T. Liao and C. H. Keitel

    Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Progress Report 2011-2013, p. 101

    ''Storing and Manipulating X-ray Photons ''

     

  • A. Pálffy, C. H. Keitel and H.-A. Weidenmüller

    Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Progress Report 2011-2013, p. 104

    ''Nuclear Reactions in Extremely Intense Laser Fields''

     

  • A. Pálffy and H. A. Weidenmüller

    Proceedings of the International Conference "Nuclear Theory in the Supercomputing Era - 2013" (NTSE-2013), Ames, IA, USA.
    Eds. A. M. Shirokov and A. I. Mazur, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia, 2014, p. 78.

    ''Nuclear Excitation by a Strong Zeptosecond Multi-MeV Laser Pulse''

     

  • W.-T. Liao, C. H. Keitel and A. Pálffy

    FEL 2013: Proceedings of the 35th International Free-Electron Laser Conference, paper THOCNO03, page 749 (2013)

    ''The Potential Uses of X-ray FELs in Nuclear Studies''

     

  • A. Pálffy

    Book review ''Quantum Principles and Particles'' by Walter M. Wilcox, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group 2012, Contemporary Physics 54, 136 (2013)

     

  • A. Pálffy

    Book review ''The Practical Einstein: Experiments, Patents, Inventions'' by József Illy, The John Hopkins University Press 2012, Contemporary Physics 54, 88 (2013)

     

  • A. Pálffy

    Book review ''The Quantum Enigma: Physics Encounters Consciousness'' 2nd edn. by Bruce Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner, London, Duckworth Overlook 2011

    Contemporary Phys. DOI:10.1080/00107514.2012.661786 (2012)

     

  • A. Pálffy

    Book review ''The Quantum Story: A History in 40 Moments'' by Jim Baggott, Oxford University Press 2011

    Contemporary Phys. 52, 634 (2011)

     

  • A. Di Piazza, A. Pálffy, W.-T. Liao, K. Z. Hatsagortsyan and C. H. Keitel

    Proceedings of SPIE, Harnessing Relativistic Plasma Waves as Novel Radiation Sources from Terahertz to X-Rays and Beyond II, vol. 8075, 807505 (2011)

    ''QED and nuclear effects in strong optical and x-ray fields''

     

  • L. A. Bernstein, M. Wiedeking, A. Kritcher, Chr. Kozhuharov, C. Brandau, Th. Stöhlker, A. Pálffy, Ch. H. Keitel, V. Meot, G. Gosselin, P. Morel, E. Bauge, P. M. Walker, and D. Schneider

    LLNL-PROP-424305 (2010)

    ''Realistic stellar nucleosynthesis studies involving nuclear excitation via atomic-nuclear interactions in high energy density plasma environments''

     

  • S. K. Arigapudi, D. Gupta and A. Pálffy

    Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Progress Report 2008-2010, p. 174

    ''Multiple resonances in nuclei coupling to the atomic shells''

     

  • A. Pálffy, C. H. Keitel and J. Evers

    Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Progress Report 2008-2010, p. 173

    ''Generation of keV single-photon entanglement via coherent control of nuclear forward scattering''

     

  • J. Evers, R. Fleischhaker, A. Pálffy, C. H. Keitel

    Modern Optics and Photonics, Conf. Proceed. eds. G. Y. Kryuchkyan, G. G. Gurzadyan, A. V. Papoyan, p. 3 (2010)

    ''Light propagation: From atomic to nuclear quantum optics''

     

  • A. Pálffy, J. Evers, C. H. Keitel

    Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Progress Report 2006-2008, p. 162

    ''Isomer Triggering via Nuclear Excitation by Electron Capture''

     

  • Z. Harman, A. Pálffy, C. Brandau, C. Kozhuharov, T. Stöhlker, W. Scheid, U. D. Jentschura, C. H. Keitel

    Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Progress Report 2006-2008, p. 155

    ''Nuclear Properties Explored by Resonant Recombination Processes''

     

  • A. Pálffy, Z. Harman, C. Kozhuharov, C. Brandau, C. H. Keitel, W. Scheid and T. Stöhlker

    GSI Scientific Report 2007, p. 299

    ''Nuclear lifetime prolongation in resonant electron recombination processes''

     

  • C. Müller, A. Pálffy, A. Ipp, A. Shahbaz, A. Di Piazza, T. J. Bürvenich, J. Evers, and C. H. Keitel

    ILIAS Progress Report No. 3 (2008), p. 22

    ''Coupling of nuclear matter to intense photon fields''

     

  • A. Pálffy, Z. Harman, A. Surzhykov and W. Scheid

    Journal of Physics: Conference Series 58, 251 (2007)

    ''Competition between radiative recombination and nuclear excitation by electron capture''

     

  • A. Pálffy, Z. Harman, A. Surzhykov and W. Scheid

    GSI Scientific Report 2006, p. 273

    ''Photon angular distribution in nuclear excitation by electron capture''

     

  • A. Pálffy, Z. Harman and W. Scheid

    GSI Scientific Report 2005, p. 323

    ''Quantum interference between nuclear excitation by electron capture and radiative recombination''

     

  • A. Pálffy, Z. Harman and W. Scheid

    26. Arbeitsbericht der Arbeitsgruppe Energiereiche Atomare Stösse, p. 228

    ''Theory of Electron Recombination by Nucleus Excitation''

     

  • A. Pálffy, Z. Harman and W. Scheid

    GSI Scientific Report 2004, p. 228

    ''Excitation of heavy nuclei by electron capture''