and one more proton, also 1 TeV
Iron nucleus, 3 TeV Iron nucleus, 5 TeV
Gamma, 300 GeV Gamma, 100 GeV
Simulation with CORSIKA 4.50 without any atmospheric extinction. Note that extinction would reduce in particular the rings seen in the lateral distributions of the proton showers which are produced high in the atmosphere. The bright spots, on the other hand, are from particles reaching the ground (mostly muons) and would not be affected by extinction. All showers are vertical. The observation is assumed to be at a height of 2200 m. For efficiency reasons, Cherenkov photons were calculated in bunches of up to 10. In the lateral distributions white pixels correspond to 80 or more photons per m2 in the wavelength range 300-450 nm. In the telescope images white corresponds to 30 or more photons per 0.1*0.1 degree2 for a telescope area of 100 m2.
These pages were created by K. Bernlöhr at the MPIK in Heidelberg.