Galaxy Evolution Explorer
The individuals directly involved with the acquisition of GALEX data and/or construction of the GALEX-GAMA catalogs:
This web page details the construction of version 2 of the GALEX ultraviolet source catalogs and auxiliary products overlapping the GAMA survey footprint. The GAMA footprint definitions used for this project are defined as three primary regions (GAMA-1) and possible future extensions to the survey (GAMA-2).
The GALEX ultraviolet data is a combination of archival data and pointed observations from the GALEX guest investigator program GALEX-GAMA: UV/Optical/Near-IR/Far-IR/Radio observations of ~100k galaxies (GI5-048; PIs: R. Tuffs, C. Popescu, US-PI: M. Seibert). Note that the GI program was designed and proposed to cover only the original GAMA survey area (i.e. three regions of 36 square degrees each) as shown in figure 2 of the GALEX proposal.
Archival data has been used to extend the ultraviolet coverage to the current GAMA-1 and future GAMA-2 footprint definitions as much as possible.
All GI and archival data overlapping the GAMA-2 footprint and available as of March 30, 2010 were compiled for the project. This consists of 347 GALEX tiles (circular fields 1 degree wide). If interested one may view a list of the GALEX tile names, centers, and exposure times used as input for the G09, G12, G15, G02, and G23 fields.
All GALEX data have been reprocessed at Caltech with a new version of the pipeline (v7ops). There are many improvements and changes with v7ops that will cause differences with version 1 of the GALEX-GAMA catalogs. The most significant are:
A final general note on GALEX data. Version 2 of the GALEX-GAMA catalogs are created using the methods and techniques of the GALEX CATalog Team (GCATT). This is a large project underway to produce a definitive GALEX source catalog. This means that many of the column names and units change in version 2. This will be detailed further.
UNIQUE AREA (Primary vs Secondary):
GALEX tiles overlap one another. This, of course, is inevitable when trying to cover a contiguous area with circular fields of view. Furthermore, because we include archival survey data which is observed on a sky grid system and pointed observations (which are not on the sky grid system) the overlap is often very hap-hazard. There are several ways to handle this such that we include only unique detections and allow a precise footprint computation. We use a method that optimizes the areal coverage and weights tiles with FUV coverage highest.
For each GAMA region the GALEX tiles are rank-sorted by FUV exposure time and secondary rank-sorted by NUV exposure time. This ensures that any tile with FUV coverage takes precedence over any tile with only NUV coverage (note that the FUV detector on GALEX is non-operational at this time).
Once sorted, the footprint of each tile is derived from the relative response map (effective exposure time map) by comparing it to all neighboring tiles with a higher rank-order. In this way a "primary map" is made for each tile indicating which parts of the field of view are to be considered "primary" and which parts are to be considered "secondary".
The figure below displays an example FUV (top left) and NUV (top right) primary map for a single tile. Red represents the primary area for the tile. The lower two panels are the corresponding relative response (effective exposure time) for each band.
Five types of mosaiced maps have been produced for each of the GAMA fields using HEALPix to aid in the analysis of the GALEX-GAMA data set. Specifically, these are:
Because GALEX coverage is neither uniform in exposure time or fully contiguous over the GAMA fields, it is important to be able to derive an accurate footprint for any sample selections driven by the above quantities.
Each UV based map is built by ingesting the primary designated region of each tile's corresponding map into HEALPix format. The HEALPix maps are built at ~13 arc-second resolution (nested, nside = 214 = 16384). These maps allow the calculation of footprint area to better than 0.1%.
Additionally, we have used HEALPix format maps of the Schlegel, Finkbeiner & Davis (1998) Milky Way foreground reddening maps from the LAMBDA project archive to extract color excess (E(B-V)) maps for each GAMA field rebinned at the same pixel scale as the other UV maps (~13 arc-sec pixels, the resolution of course remains only ~6 arc-min).
For those who do not wish to use HEALPix format maps, Gnomonic projection standard fits images (produced from the HEALPix maps) have also been produced. The standard fits images are slightly lower resolution (15 arc-sec).
Images of the maps for each GAMA field are displayed below. Click on the images to view them at high resolution. The GAMA-2 footprint boundaries are indicated by dashed lines and the H-Atlas boundaries are indicated by dotted lines.
GALEX-GAMA AREA COVERAGE:
The coverage maps provide a robust GALEX-GAMA footprint overlap area estimate for both UV bands:
The following filters are applied to the GALEX pipeline produced MCAT (band merged catalog) file for each tile.
BLIND CATALOG COLUMNS:
Simple nearest neighbor matching within 4 arc-seconds has been performed between the GALEX blind catalogs and the GAMA Master Catalog (catmast_v2.fits). The resulting catalog (glx_pricat_v2c-gama_catmast_v2.fits.gz) corresponds as one-to-one with the the catmast_v2 catalog.
The subset of this master catalog that forms the the galaxies catalog (catgama_v4) have been extracted and the resulting catalog (glx_pricat_v2c-gama_catgama_v4.fits.gz) corresponds as one-to-one with the catgama_v4 catalog.
In addition to all the columns found in the blind UV catalogs a number of additional matching related columns have been added.
In order to match the UV blind catalog to the optical GAMA catalogues, we employ an advanced matching routine that takes into account multiple matches for each UV and optical source and seeks to reconstruct the original UV flux of a given optical source.
We illustrate the routine for an example optical target (e.g. a GAMA galaxy, see figure). Firstly, shape information of the target in the optical (i.e. ellipticity, position angle, and effective radius along the semimajor axis) is extracted from the GAMA master catalogue, and used to define a target area within which UV counterparts will be deemed to be associated with the optical source. To take into account scatter in apparent positions from real positions in the UV and possibly unavailable optical shape information, the minimal search region, i.e. optical target area, is a circle of radius 4" (the matching radius used in the simple matching procedure, see above). The question that is then to be answered (see flowchart) is which UV sources in the blind catalogue have their central coordinates within this optically defined search region. The number, the UV ID and the total flux of all such UV sources are extracted from the blind UV catalogue and written (in case needed in user applications), to the final matched catalogue.
Since it is possible that a UV source may itself be extended, or have more than one potential close-lying optical counterpart in the GAMA master catalogue, we also need to take into account the possibility that one or more of the UV sources in the search region around the optical target may themselves be related to further optical sources. This eventuality is catered for in the second step of the advanced matching procedure (see flowchart). In this step, a UV area is constructed for each UV source within the optical search region, using the position angle, ellipticity and semimajor axis as given in the UV blind catalogue (Sextractor's Kron-radius). The GAMA MasterCatalogue (which includes both galaxies and stars) in then searched for optical sources within the UV area of each of the UV sources. In the case there is only one UV source in the optical search region which has only one optical source within its UV radius, and this optical source is the target, the whole flux of the UV source is associated with the target. This is by far the most common case. If, however, there are more than one potential optical counterparts to one or more of the UV sources in the optical search region, the UV flux of each UV source is split among all potential optical counterparts for that source, weighted inversely by angular offset. In recognition that this may not be the true flux contribution, and users may for specific applications like to apply other methods (eg using prior astrophysical information) we have included a string listing the IDs of all optical and all UV sources involved in the advanced matching process for each target. This redistribution of the flux is done for all UV counterparts of the target. The match is considered as unambiguous if there is only one UV counterpart which has only the target as its optical counterpart. In all other cases the reported UV flux is to be considered as an estimate of the true flux distribution, as the true flux distribution of the optical counterparts is not known. This estimate is the most likely one considered over a population of galaxies but is necessarily imprecise for targets considered individually.
Catalogue entries (details see tag description below):
The full UV blind catalogue entry will be given for unambiguous matches. In cases where there is more than one UV source within the target area, the full UV blind catalogue entry for the UV source closest to the target is given.
OBSERVING CAMPAIGN GAMA-II/H-ATLAS/DINGO FIELDS:
DOWNLOADING THE DATA:
All catalogs and maps are password protected at this time. Please contact Ellen Andrae if you need the username and password.
Each file can be downloaded individually by selecting it from the table below. Alternatively, one can use the ggwget shell script to download everything or select only the files of interest. Please review the complete list of the files and their sizes.
|Bind UV Primary and Secondary Catalogs:|
|UV Effective Exposure Time (relative response) Fits Image Maps:|
|UV Effective Exposure Time (relative response) HEALPix files:|
|UV Coverage Fraction Fits Image Maps:|
|UV Coveregae Fraction HEALPix files:|
|UV Background Fits Image Maps:|
|UV Background HEALPix files:|
|UV Flags Fits Image Maps: ( not available, under repair)|
|UV Flags HEALPix files:|
|Miscellaneous Data Sets Fits Image Format:|
|Miscellaneous Data Sets HEALPix Format:|
|Simple Matching Catalogs:|
|GALEX-GAMA InputcatAv06 Simple Matched||GalexSimplematchv02|
|brief tag description||GalexSimplematchv02.par|
|Advanced Matching Catalogs:|
|GALEX-GAMA InputcatAv06 Advanced Matched||GalexAdvancedmatchv02|
|brief tag description||GalexAdvancedmatchv02.par|
|GALEX-GAMA Observation Information Catalogs:|
|GALEX-GAMA Observation Information for objects of the InputcatAv06||GalexObsinfocatv02.fits|
|brief tag description||GalexObsinfocatv02.par|
|COG for Galaxy Catalogue (v4)||GalaxyCAT_v8-photometry.fits.gz|
|description of catalogue tags||COG tag description|